6 Must Know Sociological Concepts

Sociology is a complex social science. There are a lot of ideas in and it can get confusing. But, to make things easier, here are 6 concepts to introduce you to it.

On Everything Sociology, we've gone over many concepts. 

And since the holidays are here, I thought I'd make a (half) year in review so you can pick and choose what you want to re-read during the lonely, cold days of your break. 

So without further to do, here are the 6 must-know sociological concepts from Introduction to Sociology:

1) The Sociological Imagination

With the sociological imagination, C. Wright Mills explains that to truly understand society and a person's situation, a sociologist must not just look at the social issue from an everyday viewpoint.

Sociologists must use some creativity and imagination. 

They could do these two things by trying to understand the person's story and the society that they were brought up in (or how the social institutions they were involved with affected them). 

2) The Four Paradigms of Sociology

The four paradigms of sociology (or the schools of sociological thought) are the different ways sociologists view society, its institutions, and its problems.

The four paradigms are functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interaction, and feminist perspective.

  • Functionalism is the relationship and interdependency between all social groups, big and small.
  • Conflict theory looks at the inequalities of society.
  • Symbolic interaction looks at how individuals interact with one another.
  • The feminist perspective looks at the inequality between the genders. 

3) Socialization

Socialization is the process whereby social institutions teach their members how to properly interact and behave in society. 

It also helps its members develop a sense of self (the "self" is a unique sense of identity that distinguishes people from others). 

But socialization can also be negative. 

Many times, it can develop people into conforming citizens rather than free-thinkers or people with agency (a person's capacity to act independently; to have free will).  


4) Sex and gender

The study of sex and gender looks at the differences between sex and gender. 

It also examines how the social construction of each gender affects their treatment and roles in society. 

Additionally, the sociology of sex and gender also studies sexual preferences and sexualization in society. 

5) Social Stratification

Social stratification, society's way of ranking people, is the study of hierarchy, prestige, and power. 

The sociology of social stratification tends to examine the different types in the world.

However, there are two main formats of stratification that most societies use. The caste system and the class system. 

Caste ranks people based on whose family they were born into, while class ranks people based on both birth and a person's achievements. 

RELATED: Sociologist's Tools

6) Race and racism

'What is 'race'? 

'Race,' contrary to popular belief, is a social creation (that is why some sociologists put single quotes around the word). 

It is not biological because people from the same ethnic groups (a group of people who share the same culture) do not have the same behaviours, personalities, and philosophies on life. 

Final Thoughts

There you have it. 

These are the six must-know sociological concepts from Introduction to Sociology. 

If you have any questions or comments, you can leave them in the comment area.


P.S. Do you want to learn more about sociology? Check out my book,  SOCI 001: The Armchair Sociologist’s Guide to Sociology, on Amazon. It's a clear and concise guide with descriptive examples to help you better understand this social science. Click here to learn more about it.


  1. Way cool! Some admirable sentiments! I appreciate you writing this article and furthermore the remainder of the site is great.
    tech news

  2. Incredible data. Fortunate me I went over your site by some coincidence (earthcycle). I've book-checked it for some other time!

  3. wonderful article contains lot of valuable information. Very interesting to read this article.I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article.
    AWS course in Chennai

  4. tagore school in jaipur is great among them. And concept about it is great.

  5. AFNS Admission: Step by step guide to register online for PMC test

  6. I blog often and I truly appreciate your content.
    Mobile Prices Bangladesh

  7. I absolutely agree with the above. In addition, I would encourage using a service like chihuahua puppies for sale, teacup chihuahua for sale, sphynx cats for sale , sphynx kitten for sale

  8. This comment has been removed by the author.

  9. https://www.yorkiespuppiessale.com/


  10. Is a Yorkie a good family dog?
    yorkie puppies for sale
    Yorkies, like many other Toy breeds, make good pets for people; they're especially good for senior citizens, people with medical issues, and those who may worry about the size and strength of a larger dog. ... They're loving, devoted, and very affectionate: This makes them great personal companions and good family pets.

    Do Yorkshire terriers bark a lot?
    teacup yorkie for sale
    Yorkshire Terriers are little dogs with huge personalities. yorkies for sale With those huge personalities come a fierce territorial bark. Any time your phone rings, someone speaks or knocks on your door, or your doorbell chimes, your Yorkshire Terrier will likely bark. Outside noises aren't even required for barking for some Yorkies. yorkie for sale near me

    How much do Yorkshire terriers cost?
    yorkies puppy for sale
    Typical Yorkie prices range from $1,500 to $3,000, but the cost can fall far below or above that range. Prices will vary based on the puppy's lineage, appearance, health, and the breeder. It's also possible to adopt an older Yorkie for significantly less through a rescue shelter.


  11. Dachshunds are bred and shown in two sizes: Standard and Miniature.https://www.cutespupsforsale.com/ Standard Dachshunds of all varieties (Smooth, Wirehair, and Longhair) usually weigh between 16 and 32 pounds. Miniature Dachshunds of all varieties weigh 11 pounds and under atteacup poodle for sale maturity. Dachshunds that weigh between 11 and 16 pounds are called Tweenies. While this isn't an official classification, Tweenies are not penalized in the show ring. Some people who breed exceptionally small Dachshunds advertise them as Toy Dachshunds, but this is purely a poodles for salemarketing term, not a recognized designation.The Dachshund is described as clever, lively, and courageous to the point of rashness. He's bred for perseverance, which is another way of saying that he can be stubborn. Dachshunds have a reputation for being dachshund puppies saleentertaining and fearless, but what they want most is to cuddle with their people. For many Dachshund people, this characteristic outweighs having to deal with the breed's insistence on having his own way. The Dachshund personality can also vary with coat type. Because the wirehaired Dachshunds have terrier in their background, they can be mischievous troublemakers. Longhairs are calm and quiet, and Smooths havedachshund for sale a personality that lies somewhere in between. Some Mini Dachshunds can be nervous or shy, but this isn't correct for the breed. Avoid puppies that show these characteristics.Like every dog, Dachshunds need early socialization-exposure to many different people, dachshund puppies for sale near mesights, sounds, and experiences-when they're young. Socialization helps ensure that your Dachshund puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog. Enrolling him in a puppy kindergarten class is a great start. Inviting visitors over regularly, and taking him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.


  12. The Poodle is one of the most popular dogs in the world and is in fact one of the oldest pure bred dogs. These dogs originated in Germany and were originally bred to be a working and gun dog that made the perfect hunting dog. The Poodle has a waterproof coat and great retrieving talents.
    miniature poodle for sale
    Nowadays, this breed is more known as a lapdog rather than a working dog. They are bred in smaller breeds so that more people can enjoy having a Poodle as a best friend. toy poodle for sale near meThe Teacup variation of this breed has been selectively bred from the Toy Poodle and must be under 9 inches in height and Their exercise needs are not great, although they do get bored very easily and do not like to be left alone. If they are left alone for too long they willless than 6 pounds in weight to qualify as a Teacup.poodles for sale near meThe temperament of the Teacup Poodle is very similar to that of the Standard Poodle. They are extremely loving and make great companions for everyone, including individuals, families and the elderly. Because of their size, too, they fit into many different environments and will do well in apartments and in city living and https://www.cutespupsforsale.com/also in large homes in the country or in open-spaced environments.begin to suffer from separation anxiety and exhibit destructive behaviors. A socialization class from a young age can help this, but you also shouldn’t purchase a Teacup Poodle if you are not going to be able to be with them for a large portion of the day.

  13. This comment has been removed by the author.

  14. Buy YouTube Watchtime is a service that allows you to buy watch time on YouTube. This service is designed to help you increase your YouTube channel's watch time and improve your channel's ranking in YouTube search.

  15. Tesbih Modelleri için VeTesbih'ten asla şaşmayın.

  16. Google'a link vermeyi denedim ben bu deneme yorumu ....

  17. In order to offer SMTP server service at a low cost, Digitalaka was established in 2015. Because we place a great priority on providing excellent customer service, we have made it our only purpose to offer you the best email services with round-the-clock assistance.

  18. Small Business always looking for Best Bulk Sms Service to promote their product. If you are small business a looking a service which can full fill your marketing needs.I have a website which can provide you best service realted to sms marketing.

  19. Whether you're looking for an IDX Website For Realtors, or a way to grow your business, DPI can help. Our amazing team will work with you to customise a theme and plugins, helping your business really stand out!

  20. There is a company that can meet all of your real estate needs to form the starch if you are searching for a Realtors Website with IDX in the United States. Speak with them about your next project.

  21. So much information in this blog really great work keep writing Best Single Property Websites

  22. I have never seen this kinds of site before in my experience because you post article is very informative
    filing a protective order in virginia
    how long does a protective order last in virginia

  23. So much information in this blog really great work keep writing
    virginia military divorce
    dui charges dropped

  24. Socialization: Socialization is the process by which individuals learn the norms and values of their society. It is an important concept in sociological theory, as it explains how individuals acquire the values and behaviors that are necessary for functioning within a given society. Trending in Deals It also helps businesses to showcase their most popular deals and attract new customers.

  25. Дизель сервис https://autocenter.kyiv.ua/remont-dizelnogo-dvigatelya-kiev/ оказывает услугу компьютерной диагностики дизельного двигателя, путем считывания показателей датчиков. Обнаруженный неисправный узел подлежит демонтажу, после чего мастер осматривает детали, испытывая их на стенде. Сотрудник сервиса проверяет узел дизельного двигателя и если возможно, восстанавливает его. В случае, когда же двигатель дорого и нецелесообразно восстановливать, мы рекомендуем его просто заменить на такой же тип в хорошем состоянии..

  26. 1. Culture: This concept is defined as the values, beliefs, and practices of a particular group of people.The jaipur jewelry It is important to understand culture in order to understand how different societies function and interact with each other.

  27. Thank you for posting such a great article! Students get their assignments without any plagiarism by availing of expert assignment help services. In fact, they deliver authentic assignments to their clients. This is how they can impact their readers effectively. However, most students do not have a good command of their syllabus. As a result, they do not write an impressive assignment. Hence, they need to look for an authentic assignment help service to execute their task effectively.

  28. This comment has been removed by the author.

  29. Thanks for sharing beautiful content. I got information from your blog.keep sharing
    protective orders in virginia

  30. Really awesome blog. Your blog is really useful for me. Thanks for sharing this informative blog. Looking for reliable and effective home tuition for 11th class? Ziyyara’s online home tuition for class 11 offers personalized guidance and comprehensive support to help you excel in your studies.
    For more info Contact us: +91-9654271931, +971-505593798 or visit Home tuition for 11th class

  31. Neat narration of the topic. Excellent writing by the author. Thanks for sharing this beautiful post. Keep sharing more interesting blogs like this. Divorce Lawyers Loudoun VA

  32. Hey! i liked your content about the sociological concepts luxury diwali gift hampers

  33. Socialization: This concept explores how individuals, from a very young age, internalize and learn the values, norms, and behaviors of their society. It's the process through which we become functioning members of our culture...... virginia beach uncontested divorce forms

  34. Sociological concepts are essential for understanding and analyzing the complex interactions within societies. Six key concepts include socialization, social stratification, culture, social institutions, deviance, and symbolic interactionism. Socialization is the lifelong process through which individuals learn and internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of their culture, which shapes their identity, personality, and behavior within a given society. Social stratification is the hierarchical arrangement of individuals or groups in a society based on factors such as wealth, power, and social status, which influences access to resources, opportunities, and privileges, contributing to inequality and social mobility. Culture is the shared set of beliefs, values, practices, symbols, and material things that characterize a group or society, shaping human behavior, norms, and institutions. Social institutions structure and guide various aspects of individuals' lives, contributing to the stability and functioning of societies. Deviance is any behavior, belief, or condition that violates societal norms or expectations, influencing social order and control. Symbolic interactionism is a sociological perspective that focuses on the role of symbols and face-to-face interactions in shaping individuals' understanding of the social world.Abogado de Testamentos y Bienes Cerca Mí

  35. Sociology is the study of society and human social behavior, encompassing concepts such as social structure, socialization, social institutions, culture, norms, deviation, social stratification, social class, gender roles, symbolic interactionism, functionalism, conflict theory, social mobility, globalization, and ethnocentrism. Social structure refers to patterned social arrangements, institutions, organizations, and relationships that shape behavior within a given society. Socialization is the lifelong process through which individuals learn and internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of their culture. Social institutions are large structures that fulfill basic needs, such as family, education, religion, and government. Culture is the shared set of beliefs, values, practices, and material things that characterize a group or society. Norms guide be havior in a given group or society, and deviation is behavior that violates social norms. Social stratification is the hierarchical arrangement of individuals or groups in a society based on factors like class, race, gender, and wealth. Gender roles are socially and culturally defined expectations and behaviors associated with being male or female. Symbolic interactionism focuses on the role of symbols and language in shaping social reality and individual behavior. Functionalism views society as a system of interrelated parts, while conflict theory emphasizes the role of power, coercion, and conflict in shaping social relationships and institutions.lawyers for bankruptcies near me

  36. Sociology is a field that studies the structures, institutions, and dynamics of human societies. It focuses on six fundamental concepts: socialization, social stratification, social institutions, social norms, social conflict, and social change. Socialization is the lifelong process of learning and internalizing cultural values, norms, beliefs, and behaviors, starting in childhood and continuing throughout one's life. Social stratification involves ranking individuals and groups in society based on factors such as class, race, gender, education, and economic status, which influences access to resources, opportunities, and power.

    Social institutions are organized patterns of beliefs and behaviors centered on meeting basic societal needs, such as family, education, religion, economy, and government. Social norms are shared expectations or rules for behavior within a group or society, guiding individuals in different situations and contributing to social order. Social conflict theory examines how power, resources, and inequality contribute to social conflict, emphasizing competition and tension between different social groups as driving forces.

    Social change refers to alterations or transformations in human behavior, social structures, and institutions over time, influenced by factors like technological advancements, cultural shifts, and social movements. Sociology aims to analyze and explain these concepts to gain insights into the functioning of societies, considering their intersection and influence.abogados de accidentes de motocicleta cerca de mí

  37. Sociology is the study of society and human social behavior, encompassing six key concepts: socialization, social institutions, social stratification, cultural relativism, social norms, and deviance. Socialization is the process through which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, norms, and behaviors of their society, shaping their identity and understanding their place within a larger social context. Social institutions are complex systems or organizations that fulfill essential functions, such as family, education, government, economy, and religion. Social stratification refers to the hierarchical arrangement of individuals or groups in a society based on factors like wealth, power, race, education, and social class, influencing access to resources, opportunities, and privileges, creating social inequalities. Cultural relativism emphasizes understanding beliefs, values, and practices based on one's own culture's context, avoiding ethnocentrism and appreciating cultural diversity. Social norms are shared expectations or rules regarding appropriate behavior in a given social group or society, guiding individuals in different social situations. Deviance, which can be criminal or non-criminal, is any behavior, belief, or condition that violates social norms or expectations. Studying deviance helps sociologists understand how societies define and enforce norms, as well as the consequences of deviant behavior on individuals and the social order. These concepts provide a foundational understanding of how societies are organized, how individuals are socialized, and how social forces shape human behavior.abogado dui suffolk va

  38. In this movie you will get to see thriller, action and dangerous fight, this is one of the most amazing movies of Bollywood.Crakk – Jeetegaa… Toh Jiyegaa Movie HD Download

  39. Crakk – Jeetegaa… Toh Jiyegaa Movie Download In this movie you will get to see thriller, action and dangerous fight, this is one of the most amazing movies of Bollywood.